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Observations by Gary Fewless for Green Bay WI (Lat.N 44.51° Long. W 88.02° ), except as noted. For flowers lacking conspicuous petals or sepals I define "anthesis" as release of pollen by mature anthers.

October 2012 Mouse-over the photo for the identity of the subject
leaves

Oct 1
Oct 30

Hurricane Sandy, later downgraded to a "post-tyropical cyclone" before landfall, has been advancing northward along the east coast of the U.S. for several days and turned inland yesterday bringing high winds and flood waters to much of the east coast. Though it was never a strong hurricane its very low pressure and giant size is remarkable, reaching a maximum breadth of about 1000 miles with its wake ranging from North Carolina to New England and adjacent Canada. Effects have been felt as far west as Texas and Wisconsin. The news media report that over 3 million people are without electric power in the east and the storm surge in New York City was the largest ever in recorded history. Countless airline flights have been cancelled and the stock market has been closed for 2 consecutive days, the first such occurrence since the late 1800's. There was major rainfall near the coast and snow at higher elevation in the Appalachians, up to 3 feet in some locations.

In Wisconsin the edge of this giant storm brings cloudy skies and high winds, with a wind advisory in Door County anticipating 25-35 mph aned gusts to 50. At 11:00 a.m. Green Bay is reporting 39° F with winds 25 mph and gusts to 39.

superstorm sandy This map, showing the extent of the storm about 9:30 p.m. Oct 29, was taken from the U.S. National Weather Service national mosaic radar loop. A search on the bold text will lead to this web site with which we are not affiliated.
Oct 28
giant reed grass A bright sunny day with a good breeze and the seeds of the invasive giant reed grass (Phragmites australis) are dispersing in great numbers. I couldn't get a good photo of the seeds in mid-air, but at times it looked like a snow flurry. This alien grass has completely taken over thousands of acres of wetlands in our area, as in the accompanying photo of the East River in Brown County. There are more photos and information about giant reed here.
Oct 26
After heavy rain and winds on Oct 24 and 25, many of the remaining leaves have fallen on UW-Green Bay's Cofrin Arboretum. Here is a photo sequence for October. The remaining brown leaves are on a few oak trees. leaves
Oct 25
There was a conspicuous dropping of leaves by Norway maple (Acer platanoides) yesterday and today. Many leaves displayed the black "tar spot" disease caused by a fungus, and very conspicuous in our area this Fall. norway maple tar spot disease on Norway maple
Oct 22
path Leaves are off some of our commonest tree species in the Green Bay area, but some remain, including the oaks shown in the background of this photo.
Oct 21
buckthorn The bright green leaves in the understory of this woods are all European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica). This very aggressive invasive plant has completely taken over this woods and many others in our area. When the taller canopy trees die, the woods will be completely buckthorn.
Oct 14 A generally rainy weekend. Green Bay received 3.31 inches of rain total for yesterday and today combined.
Oct 13 Four Great Egrets on the East River today in Allouez. They can stay quite late as long as there is open water and food.
Oct 12 Low of 26° F in Green Bay.
Oct 11
lakebed The very low water in Green Bay is exposing large areas of lakebed, as here at UW-Green Bay.
The morning low temperature of 28° F is the coldest of the season to date.  
Oct 10
More frost this morning; airport reports a low temperature of 33° F.  
Robins and at least a few Mourning Doves are eagerly eating the bright red "berries" of the horticultural Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata) in front of our house. The seeds are reported to be poisonous for people, dogs, horses and probably others, but they are apparently not so for birds. Even the foliage eaten in quantity is reportedly toxic to horses. This is a very common planting in urban yards in our area. yew berries
Oct 8
red oak Northern Pin Oak.
  First frost in our neighborhood this morning. The weather station at the GB airport reports a low temperature of 30° F.
Oct 7 geeseSome reports of frost this morning the in Green Bay area, but not in my neighborhood in Allouez.
Oct 4
fallen leaves An abrupt dropping of leaves today by the green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) in Alouez.
Oct 3
sunset Great sunset tonight as viewed from UW-Green Bay campus.
Oct 2 There was an abrupt leaf fall of green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) leaves beginning today in Green Bay. The leaves of this species turn yellow, then a few of the compound leaves fall intact, but many leaflets fall separately. This is a very common tree in our area and the impact is conspicuous in some local areas.

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Last updated on April 17, 2014