biodiversity homepage      

Observations by Gary Fewless for Green Bay WI (Lat.N 44.51° Long. W 88.02° ), except as noted. For flowers lacking conspicuous petals or sepals I define "anthesis" as release of pollen by mature anthers.

July 2008 Mouse-over the photo for the identities of the three subjects red elderberry in fruit, black elderberry in flower, monkey flower

July 26 The early plants of Helianthus gigantea (giant sunflower) and Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) are beginning to flower in northeastern Wisconsin.
July 25 The earliest plants of Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) are in flower, UWGB. Other species in flower on UWGB prairie include Euphorbia corollata (flowering spurge) and Eryngium yuccifolium (rattlesnake master). The latter is mostly south of Milwaukee to Madison and not really native this far north. Also in flower is Campanula rapunculoides (creeping bellwort), a definite alien here, planted in yards and appearing to spread more readily in recent years than I have known it to do over the long term.
July 24 The plants in the UWGB prairie are at about their midsummer peak now with conspicuous and abundant flopwering by Silphium laciniatum (compass plant), S. terebinthinaceum (prairie-dock), S. integrifolia (prairie rosinweed), Ratibida pinnata (yellow coneflower), Monarda fistulosa (purple bergamot), as well as some weedy aliens such as Daucus carota (wild carrot; Queen Anne's-lace) and Cichorium intybus (Cichory).
July 23 This event will vary with location and circumstances, but Rubus idaeus (red raspberry) is beginning to produce ripe berries in northeastern Wisconsin.
July 22 I missed the precise start date, but Prunella vulgaris (heal-all) is widely in flower. This is an alien species, very common and although it is often small (less than 1 foot) it is quite conspicuous.
July 21

Silphium terebinthinaceum (prairie dock) is beginning to flower in UW-Green Bay's Cofrin arboretum. Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) is also in flower.

Monarda fistulosa (purple bergamot) is having a great year on UW-Green Bay's Cofrin Arboretum. I can't recall seeing so many flowering plants of this species.

July 19 Silphium integrifolium (prairie rosinweed) is in flower, UWGB.
July 18

Clematis virginiana (virgin's-bower) is beginning to flower in the City of Green Bay area. Vitis riparia (wild grapes) grapes are approaching full size, but they are still green and are not near ripe.

Schools of small bullheads (fish) can be seen in local ponds, etc.

July 17

I was out of town for about a week so I missed the start of some events, but here is a summary upon my return. The following species are now in flower in the prairie on UW-Green Bay's Cofrin Arboretum: Ratibida pinnata (yellow coneflower), Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil), Pycnanthemum virginianum (mountain mint).

In the woods Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) is now prominently in flower and the fruits of Actaea rubra (red baneberry) are now mature (both red- and white-berried forms are present on UW-Green Bay campus; in spite of the common name berry color is not definitive). Also, Aster lateriflorus (calico aster) plants are nearly full grown and easily recognizeable, but flowers will not open for a month or so. Hemerocallis fulva (daylily) is in flower on old homesites and along roads.

Along the shore of Green Bay, Oenothera biennis (evening primrose), Verbena hastata (blue vervain) and Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) are conspicuously in flower. Unfortunately, the invasive grass Phragmites australis (common reed) is also very prominent now and it is obscuring much of the shoreline.

July 09

Scutellaria galericulata (common skullcap) is in flower, Forest County. This is a wetland species, and although it is not rare, people don't usually go out of their way to look in the wetlands in midsummer so it may be new to some.

This is the first day I have seen open flowers on Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf). Another conspicuously mid-summer flowering species Aralia racemosa (American spikenard), has not yet opened flowers, although the buds are fully formed and ready to open any day, ForestCounty. Both species are found throughout Wisconsin and are not rare, but are not familiar, even to many long time residents.

Conspicuous plants in northeastern Wisconsin currently include Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow-rue) and the bright red ripening berries of Sambucus racemosa (red elderberry).

July 08

Botrychium virginianum (rattlesnake fern) is now releasing mature spores--somewhat analagous to flowering for angiosperms.

This morning while on East Circle Drive headed north past the soccor fields a Ring-necked Pheasant roster, hen and three chicks family scurried into the high grass. Cofin Arboretum, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay (Dave Parsons).

July 07

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant) and Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) in flower, UWGB in planted prairie.

Clinopodium vulgare (wild basil; long known as Satureja vulgaris) is in flower, ForestCounty.

July 06 Monarda fistulosa (purple bergamot) in flower, UWGB.
July 03 Campanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) and Prunella vulgaris (heal-all) in flower, Marinette County.
July 02 Sambucus pubens (red elderberry) fruits are beginning to turn red widely in northeastern Wisconsin and Fraxinus americana fruits (white ash) are nearly full size, though still gree (or with a purplish tinge)..
July 01 Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) in flower.

© 2001-2004 The Cofrin Center for Biodiversity and the University of Wisconsin Green Bay, All Rights Reserved
Last updated on May 20, 2015