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Observations by Gary Fewless for Green Bay WI (Lat.N 44.51° Long. W 88.02° ), except as noted. For flowers lacking conspicuous petals or sepals I define "anthesis" as release of pollen by mature anthers.

June 2014
Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

June 30
Young toads are now dispersing into the adjacent uplants, from the ponds where they hatched. This one is no more than about 2 cm long on a gravel bike path. If you are in the right place at the right time you may see hundreds of them. Compare to the adult toad shown on June 24.
The common, weedy "motherwort" (Leonurus cardiaca) is flowering now in the City of Green Bay where it escapes to a variety of disturbed, sunny sites.
  For the month of June 2014, the average monthly temperature in Green Bay was 67.3 ° F (2.6° F above "normal"), and the total precipitation was 4.05 inches, 0.17 inches above normal.
June 28
We are familiar with the bright red fruits of staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) and of the bright red leaves in the early Fall, but perhaps less so with the flowers, which are abundant now in our area. Each flower is small but in large cone-shaped groups they are very striking.
June 27
Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) trees are releasing huge numbers of seeds over the last couple of days.
Two invasive plants are very conspicuous now in local fields and roadsides. The yellow flowered species is bird's-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) and the blue is cow vetch (Vicia cracca). They are colorful, but the result of their dense growth is to crowd out the native plants of grasslands. They are both legumes and their ability to "fix" nitrogen results in fertilizing the soil and therefore making it more favorable for agricultural weeds.
June 25
I'm still a little surprised every time I see the White Pelicans on Green Bay. They are relatively new to our area and now are regular visitors along the shoreline in the City of Green Bay. [They are "new" in the sense that they weren't here for the first 25 or 30 years I lived in Green Bay, but they were probably here historically and were squeezed out at some point earlier in the 20th century as the land use changed dramatically.]
  Some local planted individuals of little-leaved linden (Tilia cordata) appear to have failed to flower completely and others are flowering at a very low rate. Today I notice that the leaf-like bract which accompanies the flowers and fruits are falling in large numbers. Most have no flowers or even buds attached.
June 24
The relatively moist weather this month has been good for mushrooms. Unless you are a trained mycologist, do not eat wild mushrooms!! There are no easy certain ways to identify them and a mistake can be fatal. You can be lucky for a long time and then fatally unlucky. Don't.
Speaking of toadstools (see above) there seem to be large numbers of toads this year, at least in some areas. The camouflage is quite effective on the forest floor, if they don't move.
June 19
Round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa) is in flower now.
June 18
Rain fell over much of northeastern Wisconsin today, as here along The Green Bay shore at UW-Green Bay. If you look closely you'll see two adult geese with several of their half-grown young of the year, behind the bench.
June 16
Another aspect of the temperature and moisture in the air is the "dew" in which water vapor in the air condenses on the cooler tips of grasses and other objects.
June 15
Ground fog is common in northern Wisconsin where the air in low areas is cooler. When it reaches the dew point this very local "fog" appears. This layering of air can also affect the kinds of plants that grow in the lowest spots, because at critical stages these areas will freeze on nights when higher ground does not, often effectively shortening the growing season there.
June 13
In some areas of northeastern Wisconsin the wood ticks are very numerous. On a wider stage they may be known as "American dog tick". People who don't live in tick country, sometimes believe that the wood ticks jump out of trees onto the unsuspecting traveler. Actually, they most often climb grasses or other low erect plants, hold out one set of legs and simply grab on to clothing as the person walks by. The photo shows two ticks in this waiting position.
June 11
White false indigo (Baptisia alba) is conspicuously flowering in planted prairie at UW-Green Bay. Lonicera tatarica
June 10
Our commonest wild rose (Rosa blanda) has begun to flower.
June 9

Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) has begun to disperse fruit on the UW-Green Bay campus. The seeds are numerous and each one is attached to a tuft of hairs which collectively are the "cotton" of the common name.

June 8
First Tiger Swallowtail butterflies I've seen today, in Vilas, Florence and northern Marinette Counties.
  I saw a black bear with 4 cubs today, the first time I have ever seen so many in one litter. Forest County.
June 7
  Mosquitos in Forest, Florence and Vilas counties are about as numerous as I can recall. Local stores are completely out of mosquito headnets and mosquito repellant.
June 6
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is now in flower on the UW-Green Bay campus.
June 5
Wild plants of high-bush cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) are now in flower. The outer, larger flowers are sterile, presumable to attract pollinators. The inner, much smaller flowers are fertile and can produce fruits if pollinated. This is a good example of a common name that is highly misleading. This plant is not closely related to true cranberries (genus Vaccinium, in a different family).
I don't recall a year with more flowers on black cherry (Prunus serotina). They seem weighed down by the huge mass of flowers.
June 4
The photos show the change in Baird Creek from last Thursday (May 29) to today, after our recent rain in the Green Bay area.
Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is in flower now in the Green Bay area. This is an abundant plant in our area and could release a huge amount of pollen during the next week or two.
June 3 Black cherry (Prunus serotina) is now flowering in the Green Bay area.
June 2

The rain total for yesterday and today was 1.34 inches in Green Bay.


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Last updated on May 20, 2015