Environmental Science 102 Exam Bank 5

Steven Dutch, Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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  1. Energy efficiency is a measure of:
    1. heat produced by a barrel of fuel
    2. energy stored in a unit of fuel
    3. energy produced compared to energy consumed
    4. total energy consumed
    5. energy used per unit of time

  2. Net energy yield differs from energy efficiency in that net yield takes into account:
    1. lifetime energy costs of equipment, infrastructure, and disposal
    2. energy lost in conversion from heat to electricity
    3. energy saved in waste heat capture
    4. lifetime energy consumption of all users of the energy produced by a plant or generator
    5. energy lost in conversion from one form to another form

  3. A glass greenhouse on the south side of a building is an example of:
    1. parabolic collection
    2. an active solar heating system
    3. passive heat absorption
    4. eutectic heat exchange

  4. Photovoltaic cells work because solar energy striking their surface:
    1. separates electrons from parent atoms, causing an electric potential in attached wires
    2. is collected in the form of photons and sent through attached wires
    3. causes an uneven magnetic charge to develop
    4. changes to chemical energy

  5. Renewable energy makes up about 18% of total world energy use. Biomass comprises of that supply.
    1. 5%
    2. 10%
    3. 25%
    4. 50%
    5. 75%

  6. Active solar energy systems involve:
    1. large volumes of massive heat absorbers
    2. pumps and moving fluids
    3. photovoltaic cells
    4. stationary materials to gather and hold heat

  7. Manure or dung makes a good fuel except that it is:
    1. scarce
    2. not clean
    3. needed to rebuild the soil
    4. difficult to burn

  8. Solar energy potential is greatest in which of the following areas?
    1. Gulf Coast states
    2. New England states
    3. Desert Southwest states
    4. Pacific Northwest states
    5. Texas Panhandle area

  9. Burning methane from dung:
    1. is more efficient than burning the dung directly
    2. provides more heat than burning the dung directly
    3. allows the dung to also be used as a fertilizer
    4. all of the above

  10. Since the 1920s, hydropower production in the U.S. has:
    1. risen, but not as fast as fossil fuel use
    2. fallen due to disinterest
    3. fallen due to a lack of available sites
    4. stayed about the same

  11. The total world production of hydropower is currently equal to percent of the total world potential.
    1. 100
    2. 70
    3. 50
    4. 25
    5. 10

  12. The largest current users (per capita) of electricity generated from hydropower are:
    1. Canada, Norway, Brazil, Switzerland
    2. Norway, Brazil, Switzerland, New Zealand
    3. Canada, Brazil, Switzerland, New Zealand
    4. Switzerland, New Zealand, Canada, Norway
    5. New Zealand, Canada, Norway, Brazil

  13. The world’s largest producer of electricity generated from hydropower is:
    1. Canada
    2. United States
    3. Norway
    4. New Zealand

  14. The largest dam in the world, which is currently under construction, is found on the:
    1. Parana River between Brazil and Paraguay
    2. Nile River in Egypt
    3. Yangtze River in China
    4. Po River in China
    5. Mississippi River in the U.S.

  15. In the U.S., windmills played a critical role in the settlement of:
    1. Appalachia
    2. central California
    3. the Great Plains
    4. the Rocky Mountains
    5. the Northeast

  16. The world’s largest wind power producers are:
    1. the U.S. and Denmark
    2. Brazil and Japan
    3. Japan and France
    4. Denmark and Australia

  17. A major force leading Americans to begin thinking about energy conservation was the:
    1. industrial revolution
    2. 1973 Arab oil embargo
    3. near depletion of domestic coal supplies
    4. invention of nuclear energy
    5. 1991 Gulf War

  18. Wind speeds at site “A” are, on average, twice as fast as at site “B.” As a result, site “A” will generate:
    1. the same amount of electricity as site “B”
    2. twice the amount of electricity as site “B”
    3. four times the amount of electricity as site “B”
    4. eight times the amount of electricity as site “B”

  19. A system of pipes painted black that have water circulating on the wall in a glass greenhouse on the south side of a building is an example of:
    1. parabolic collection
    2. an active solar heating system
    3. passive heat absorption
    4. eutectic heat exchange

  20. The largest source of energy loss from a home is usually a result of energy escaping from:
    1. poorly insulated walls and attics
    2. poorly caulked cracks and loose joints
    3. single paned windows
    4. windows that lack curtains/window coverings

  21. The best locations for wind energy farms are those in which wind speeds are average ______ or more.
    1. 10 mph
    2. 15 mph
    3. 20 mph
    4. 25 mph

  22. One potential policy that would encourage conservation and the use of alternative energy resources would have consumers voluntarily pay an additional fee to finance renewable energy. This is known as:
    1. Resources portfolio
    2. Distribution fee
    3. Green pricing

  23. In 1850, wood supplied about 90% of the U.S. fuel energy. Currently, wood supplies about this much of the U.S. fuel energy:
    1. 95%
    2. 75%
    3. 50%
    4. 25%
    5. 10% <1%

  24. Fossil fuels currently supply about percent of all world commercial energy supplies.
    1. 95
    2. 85
    3. 75
    4. 50
    5. 25

  25. Which of the following energy sources does not contribute to the greenhouse effect?
    1. coal
    2. petroleum
    3. nuclear power
    4. wood
    5. natural gas

  26. The U.S. and Canada make up 5% of the world’s population, but consume about of the world’s available energy.
    1. nine-tenths
    2. two-thirds
    3. one-half
    4. one-quarter

  27. Under normal operating conditions, _______power plants release radioactivity as well as toxic metals.
    1. coal-fired
    2. hydroelectric
    3. nuclear
    4. wind-generated

  28. In the U.S., the largest percentage of energy is used in:
    1. industry
    2. residential and commercial buildings
    3. transportation

  29. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. world coal reserves are substantially smaller than petroleum reserves
    2. the fossil fuel most readily available and abundant in the U.S. and Canada is petroleum
    3. the U.S. has only enough proven oil supplies to last ten years at current rates of consumption
    4. world coal reserves are only large enough to provide power for about 100 years

  30. Which of the following is not a major gas leased when coal is burned?
    1. sulfur dioxide
    2. methane
    3. carbon monoxide
    4. carbon dioxide
    5. nitrogen oxides

  31. Most useful oil deposits are usually found:
    1. in a liquid pool under a layer of impermeable shale
    2. saturating porous rocks, like water in a sponge
    3. locked in the mineral structure of a rock formation
    4. in pools on the earth’s surface, where geologic pressures have forced them to collect
    5. in small pools directly above the bedrock

  32. Which of the following locations does not hold great potential for new oil discoveries?
    1. Grand Banks in the North Atlantic Ocean
    2. Beaufort Sea off the northern coast of Alaska
    3. Gulf of Alaska off the southern coast of Alaska
    4. California coast

  33. Natural gas is the __________ source of commercial energy worldwide.
    1. largest single
    2. second largest
    3. third largest
    4. fourth largest
    5. fifth largest

  34. The chemical industry is the second largest industrial consumer of fossil fuels with _______ used for energy generation and ________ used for raw materials in manufacturing.
    1. half … half
    2. three quarters … one quarter
    3. one quarter … three quarters
    4. one third … two thirds
    5. two thirds … one third

  35. Sweden, Denmark, and Switzerland have higher standards of living (based on GNP) than Americans or Canadians:
    1. because their energy consumption is much greater
    2. even though their energy use is about equal to ours
    3. even though their energy use is much less than ours
    4. none of these, Sweden, Denmark, and Switzerland do not have a higher standard of living compared to Americans and Canadians

  36. Which of the following is not considered a fossil fuel?
    1. coal
    2. natural gas
    3. oil
    4. charcoal
    5. all of these are considered to be fossil fuels

  37. This area has the most proven reserves of natural gas:
    1. Middle East
    2. Former USSR
    3. North and Central America
    4. Europe

  38. For much of the past decade, and even still today, there has been great debate over oil and natural gas drilling in:
    1. the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
    2. the Everglades National Wildlife Refuge
    3. the Buffalo Commons Wildlife Refuge
    4. Yellowstone National Park
    5. All of these

  39. Developing countries typically depend on biomass for their energy needs. This potentially has serious economic consequences to their:
    1. agricultural land
    2. soils and forests
    3. biodiversity

  40. Fossilized plant material, buried and compacted over time into carbon-rich fuel defines:
    1. coal
    2. oil
    3. natural gas

  41. Black lung disease results from:
    1. inhaling radioactive material released when coal is burned at power plants
    2. inhaling the pollution released by coal when it is burned at power plants
    3. inhaling coal dust when extracting coal from underground mines

  42. Worldwide, at current consumption rates, which nonrenewable energy source is expected to be depleted first?
    1. coal
    2. oil
    3. natural gas

  43. Over the past 150 years, the primary form of energy consumed in the U.S. has changed from:
    1. coal to oil to wood
    2. oil to wood to coal
    3. coal to wood to oil
    4. wood to oil to coal
    5. wood to coal to oil F) oil to coal to wood

  44. Until the late-1940s the U.S. was the:
    1. largest exporter of oil
    2. second largest exporter of oil
    3. second largest importer of oil
    4. largest importer of oil

  45. The most rapidly growing nonrenewable energy source is:
    1. coal
    2. oil
    3. natural gas

  46. Three of the following areas each contain about one-quarter of the world’s proven reserve of coal. Which one does not?
    1. Europe
    2. Asia
    3. North and Central America
    4. Former USSR

  47. Major U.S. suppliers of oil in the 1970s included:
    1. Saudi Arabia and Iran
    2. Mexico and Iraq
    3. Venezuela and Mexico
    4. Kuwait and Saudi Arabia
    5. United Arab Emirates and Kuwait

  48. Renewable energy resources make up about 4-5% of the commercial energy supply worldwide. Which of the following makes up the largest part of that 4-5%?
    1. solar
    2. hydroelectric
    3. wind
    4. geothermal

  49. Resources that exist in fixed amounts in the environment and, on a human timescale, when used up are exhausted are considered to be:
    1. Potentially renewable resources
    2. Intangible resources
    3. Nonrenewable resources
    4. Renewable resources

  50. The vast majority of oil being produced today is from:
    1. Large fields discovered in the 1990's
    2. Large fields discovered in the 1970's and earlier
    3. Small fields discovered in the 1990's
    4. Small fields discovered in the 1970's and earlier

  51. Two thirds of the world's oil production comes from the _______ largest fields
    1. 10-15
    2. 50-60
    3. 200-300
    4. 5,000-8,000

  52. In 1956, M. King Hubbert predicted future U.S. oil production based on oil field statistics. As of 2003, his prediction
    1. Fell far short of actual production
    2. Was almost exactly on target
    3. Was far above actual production

  53. The most likely near-term limit on petroleum production is set by
    1. Running out of it
    2. Our ability to drill wells fast enough
    3. Our ability to produce it fast enough to meet demand
    4. Our ability to build pipelines and tankers

  54. The country with the largest annual death toll from coal mining:
    1. United States
    2. Russia
    3. Germany
    4. Great Britain
    5. China

  55. Electronic waste is recycled in many foreign countries to:
    1. Salvage usable components
    2. Re-use the plastic cases
    3. Reprogram the chips
    4. Recover valuable metals

  56. In a modern landfill:
    1.  A clay lining is installed under the site
    2. An impermeable membrane is installed under the site
    3. Waste is buried daily
    4. All the above
    5. None of the above
    6. Most solid waste in the U.S. is:
      1. Incinerated
      2. Recycled
      3. Composted
      4. Open-dumped
      5. Landfilled
      6. The most cost-effective way to deal with waste is
        1. Landfill it
        2. Compost it
        3. Recycle it
        4. Reuse materials
        5. Reduce it
        6. Green Bay's Superfund site is:
          1. Bay Beach
          2. An industrial park in Howard
          3. An abandoned quarry in Ashwaubenon
          4. The Fox River
          5. An abandoned power plant on the West Side
          6. The contaminants in Green Bay's Superfund site are:
            1. PCB's
            2. Coal ash
            3. Metals from a former metal plating company
            4. An oil spill
            5. Leachate from an auto salvage yard
            6. The products in Green Bay's Superfund site were originally used in:
              1. paper manufacturing
              2. metal plating
              3. electrical insulation
              4. power production
              5. farming

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                Created 2 September 2011, Last Update 13 December 2011

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