The Industrial Revolution

Steven Dutch, Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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  1. In Credit Where It's Due, Burke asserts that until recently, the population living at any one time depended mostly on:
    1. warfare
    2. persecution
    3. migration
    4. disease
    5. weather
  2. Many now-familiar commercial innovations appeared in the 1600's in this country and were adopted in England:
    1. Spain
    2. Holland
    3. France
    4. Italy
    5. Germany
  3. Among the innovations that appeared at about this time were all of the following except:
    1. insurance
    2. stocks
    3. national banks
    4. borrowing money
  4. Lending money at interest:
    1. was frowned upon in the ancient world but accepted in the 1600's
    2. has always been an accepted practice
    3. was frowned upon in the ancient world but accepted in the Middle Ages
    4. was frowned upon in the ancient world and accepted only after 1800
  5. The theme that ties together the topics of 18th century agriculture, commerce, and industry in Credit Where It=s Due is best described as:
    1. all the events happened in England
    2. they all have to do with natural resources
    3. they were all driven by religion
    4. they were all driven by military necessity
    5. the concept of wealth changed
  6. Who invented the steam engine?
    1. depends on how you define it
    2. Savery
    3. Newcomen
    4. Watt
    5. Papin
  7. Why Watt's engine led to an industrial revolution whereas Newcomen=s and Savery's did not:
    1. Newcomen and Savery were social outsiders
    2. Watt held a high political position
    3. Watt had inherited a huge fortune
    4. Watt belonged to the nobility
    5. Watt's engine was faster and more efficient
  8. Some people in late-1700's England viewed the division of these lands as a means of eliminating poverty, others as a means of driving the poor into factories:
    1. Commons
    2. Colonies
    3. Forests
    4. Parks
    5. Estates
  9. In the ancient world, wealth was equated more than anything else with this type of property:
    1. Land
    2. Slaves
    3. Cattle
    4. Factories
    5. Water rjms
  10. Some modern commercial institutions that emerged in England around 1700 included:
    1. National Banks
    2. Insurance
    3. Corporations
    4. Interest
    5. All of these
  11. The three-way trade across the Atlantic that emerged in the late 1700's included all of the following except:
    1. Raw materials from America to England
    2. Slaves from Africa to America
    3. Food from England to Canada
    4. Manufactured goods from England to Africa
  12. The Dissenters who played such a role in English industry were:
    1. Non-adherents of the established Church
    2. Political radicals and revolutionaries
    3. Anti-slavery activists
    4. Investors who had become wealthy from the slave trade
  13. Why the Dissenters went into industry
    1. They wanted to seize control of the country
    2. They were barred from government or the universities
    3. They viewed other lines of work as sinful
    4. They were unskilled and could not find work anywhere else
    5. They were landless peasants with no place else to go
  14. James Watt's contribution to the steam engine was:
    1. Discovering that steam exerted pressure
    2. Realizing that heating and cooling the same vessel was inefficient
    3. Realizing that steam could be used to run machinery
    4. Realizing that steam engines could power vehicles
  15. Robert Black, who may have influenced James Watt's ideas on steam, was led to investigate heat because:
    1. Brewers wanted to know why distilling used so much fuel
    2. nsurance companies wanted to know how to prevent fires
    3. He was just curious and had no particular practical goal in mind
    4. He wanted to invent an unlimited energy source
  16. Watt may have been led to his invention by the ideas of Robert Black on heat. Black, in turn was inspired by:
    1. Why summer was hotter than winter
    2. Why iron had to get so hot before it melted
    3. Why it took so much fuel to distill alcohol
    4. Why people got hot when they did hard work

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Created December 15, 2004; Last Update 14 December 2009

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