The Middle Ages

Steven Dutch, Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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  1. This theological doctrine, pivotal in Western history, may account for the typically Western drive to right s and fix problems, but may also account for the typically Western assumption that it is right to impose ideas on other societies:
    1. Monotheism
    2. Argument from Design
    3. Infallibility of God
    4. Fundamentalism
    5. The Fall
  2. A climate change that contributed to the decline in quality of life in the 1300's was:
    1. sea level rise due to melting of the ice caps
    2. a prolonged cold period
    3. a prolonged heat wave
    4. tremendous floods
    5. an extended drought
  3. Not to be outdone, humans contributed to the decline in quality of life in the 1300’s by all the following except which?
    1. corruption and division within the Church
    2. prolonged warfare in France
    3. renewed Mongol attacks on eastern Europe
    4. resurgence of Islam in the Balkans
  4. The bubonic plague of 1347-51 killed about what fraction of Europe's population?
    1. 1/3
    2. 80%
    3. 10%
    4. 1%
    5. 90%
  5. This 13th century theologian was probably the most important figure in reconciling ancient learning with Church doctrine:
    1. Augustine
    2. John of Piano Carpini
    3. John Wycliffe
    4. Marcus Aurelius
    5. Thomas Aquinas
  6. Bologna and Oxford were sites of some of the first of these now-commonplace institutions:
    1. factories
    2. law firms
    3. universities
    4. museums
    5. hospitals
  7. The concept of "academic freedom" was originally formulated for the benefit of whom?
    1. clergy
    2. students
    3. faculty
    4. administrators
    5. bishops
  8. Ancient learning about 1100 came into Europe principally via this Moslem country:
    1. Iraq
    2. Persia
    3. Egypt
    4. Spain
    5. Turkey
  9. The fifth century theologian who gave early Christianity much of its structure.
    1. Augustine
    2. Avicenna
    3. Aquinas
    4. Martianus Capella
    5. Patricius
  10. Various technical innovations made it possible to farm in northern Europe using this draft animal:
    1. Ox
    2. Donkey
    3. Buffalo
    4. Horse
  11. In Point of View, Burke identifies two "positive" outcomes of the Black Death of the 1300's. They were:
    1. More democracy and less corruption in the Church
    2. Improved public health and weakening of the Islamic threat
    3. Better navigation and improved crops
    4. Beginnings of scientific medicine and greater tolerance
    5. More wealth for the survivors and improved bargaining position for laborers
  12. One response to a new stimulus can be to embrace it and abandon old values. In extreme forms, this response can take the form of
    1. ethnocentrism
    2. culture shock
    3. syncretism
    4. synthesis
    5. compartmentalization
  13. This week, the tabloid "Weekly Sludge" has the headline "Bible Prophecies for the Coming Year." Last week the headline was "New Evidence for Reincarnation." The best term for believing in both simultaneously is:
    1. ethnocentrism
    2. culture shock
    3. syncretism
    4. synthesis
    5. projection
  14. If a person sincerely believes that homosexuality is not wrong in sociology class, but sincerely believes it is wrong when talking to relatives, that's an example of
    1. compartmentalization
    2. ethnocentrism
    3. syncretism
    4. synthesis
    5. projection
  15. The merger of Platonism with Christianity by Augustine, and the reconciliation of traditional doctrine with classical learning by the Middle Ages are examples of:
    1. compartmentalization
    2. syncretism
    3. ethnocentrism
    4. synthesis
    5. culture shock
  16. One of the major medieval works on reasoning had a title that means "yes and no." The original title was:
    1. post hoc ergo propter hoc
    2. ipso facto
    3. stercosus es
    4. de rerum natura
    5. sic et non
  17. The author of this work was
    1. Augustine
    2. William of Ockham
    3. Thomas Aquinas
    4. Petrarch
    5. Pierre Abelard
  18. Augustine's motto "credo ut intelligam" means
    1. investigation will show which beliefs are correct
    2. belief is needed for understanding
    3. reject everything not taught by the Church
    4. only spiritual matters are important
    5. the Church should rule society
  19. The title of Augustine's "City of God" refers to:
    1. Rome is the rightful head of the Church
    2. Rome must be defended at all costs
    3. A spiritual city in opposition to the corrupt secular kind
    4. Christians should try to establish new cities
    5. A legendary Christian city in the East
  20. Which was not one of Pierre Abelard's guidelines for reasoning?
    1. entities should not be multiplied without reason
    2. use systematic doubt
    3. distinguish between logic and persuasion
    4. demand accuracy in language
    5. look for error in everything
  21. The term "Renaissance" was first used by
    1. Augustine, referring to the triumph of Christianity
    2. Aquinas, referring to the recovery of ancient knowledge
    3. Historians of the 19th century
    4. Italian scholars referring to improving conditions around 1400
    5. Leaders of the Protestant Reformation
  22. Followers of this reformer, who rejected many Church rituals and doctrines, converted in large numbers to Islam once the Turks invaded the Balkans
    1. John Knox
    2. John Wycliffe
    3. Giordano Bruno
    4. Jan Hus
    5. Bogomil
  23. Gerard of Cremona was important in medieval science for his work in
    1. translating Arabic books
    2. astronomical observations
    3. defending new ideas from Church interference
    4. pioneering medical observations
    5. research into logic
  24. How might Western monotheism have most strongly affected the Western concept of time?
    1. Time was viewed as a creation of God
    2. Wasting time was regarded as a sin
    3. Scheduled prayer times created an obsession with punctuality
    4. The history in the Bible created a strong obsession with the past
    5. Expectation of a Messiah created an orientation toward the future
  25. Which of the following was true of classical deities like Zeus?
    1. they were infinitely powerful
    2. they were fallible and could be deceived
    3. they never bargained
    4. they created the universe
    5. they were morally perfect
  26. How does the Western monotheistic deity differ from classical deities?
    1. can be tricked and deceived
    2. will bargain
    3. created the universe
    4. can be morally flawed
    5. doesn't know everything
  27. Trial by ordeal involved
    1. performing a potentially dangerous act to test guilt or innocence
    2. making a dangerous pilgrimage
    3. being interrogated for long periods
    4. making a public confession of guilt
    5. testing the defendant's ability to endure pain
  28. Why did Europeans eventually start doubting the validity of trial by ordeal?
    1. it convicted too many innocent people
    2. it released too many guilty people
    3. it was too dangerous
    4. the idea that God could be forced to perform miracles started to seem absurd
    5. analysis of the Bible showed it was actually forbidden
  29. Universities were originally attached to
    1. palaces
    2. fortresses
    3. markets
    4. nothing; they were independent
    5. cathedrals
  30. The principal purpose of fan vaulting in cathedrals is
    1. decoration
    2. reinforcement in case of attack
    3. symbolizing the ascent of souls into heaven
    4. transmitting the weight of the roof to the walls and columns
    5. keeping stonemasons employed during lulls in construction

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Created January 3, 1997; Last Update 14 December 2009

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