Military Technology

Steven Dutch, Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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  1. This war was the first in which railroads and telecommunications played a vital role:
    1. World War I
    2. Thirty Years War
    3. Napoleonic Wars
    4. Franco-Prussian War
    5. U.S. Civil War
  2. After cannon were developed, forts were often built with this geometric form:
    1. Circle
    2. Star
    3. Square
    4. Triangle
    5. Pentagon
  3. Among the reasons the military values uniformity:
    1. Ease of administration
    2. High personnel turnover
    3. Development of group cohesion
    4. All of these
  4. Iron cannonballs dramatically increased the power of artillery because
    1. Iron is about twice as heavy as stone.
    2. The balls are smoother and meet less air resistance.
    3. They can be fired from smaller guns.
    4. Iron melts on impact and sets fires.
    5. Iron is easier to work
  5. It took some time to develop cannon capable of firing iron cannonballs because:
    1. It was necessary to develop a stronger kind of gunpowder.
    2. The iron supply was scanty.
    3. Iron is harder than brass and wore out the barrels.
    4. Iron was too expensive
    5. Heavy cannonballs mean higher pressure in the barrels.
  6. Modern surveying instruments
    1. Were developed to help build medieval cathedrals.
    2. Were developed to aid navigation at sea.
    3. Were developed to aid in aiming artillery.
    4. Developed out of astronomical instruments.
    5. Were invented for defining borders and preventing wars.
  7. The projections from the walls of post-gunpowder forts were intended originally to:
    1. Strengthen the walls
    2. Eliminate concealed spots behind towers
    3. Increase the distance the enemy had to cover
    4. Bounce cannonballs back at the enemy
    5. Shatter cannonballs on impact
  8. The ideal behind the star fort design was to:
    1. Make attacks too confusing for the enemy
    2. Make the walls too difficult to scale
    3. Impress the enemy with the defenders' military might
    4. Cover the entire perimeter from inside
    5. Make the walls impervious to cannon fire
  9. Which of these was not a technological innovation during the U.S. Civil War?
    1. Chemical Weapons
    2. Submarines
    3. Steam-powered warships
    4. Telecommunications
    5. Aerial observation
  10. In what respect was World War I an ancient war?
    1. It re-opened ancient national rivalries
    2. It saw a resurgence of religious warfare
    3. Armies still used cavalry
    4. Armies reverted to more primitive weapons
    5. People clung to obsolete tactics and romantic notions of warfare

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Created December 16, 2004; Last Update 14 December 2009

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