Evolution and the Notion of Progress

Steven Dutch, Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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  1. The argument for the existence of God that stated “a watch implies a watchmaker” was called:
    1. Mechanistic philosophy
    2. Fundamentalism
    3. Evolution
    4. Atheism
    5. Argument from Design
  2. This predecessor of Darwin thought organisms acquired traits in life and passed them off to their offspring:
    1. Wallace
    2. Lamarck
    3. Mendel
    4. Linnaeus
    5. Lysenko
  3. The list of beliefs held by religious conservatives to be the core of Christianity was called the Five ________________
    1. Commandments
    2. Pillars
    3. Tenets
    4. Fundamentals
    5. Dogmas
  4. Why was Linnaeus able to place humans among the primates and not be criticized harshly for it?
    1. His classification was descriptive only and made no attempt to explain the similarities
    2. He was a highly-placed clergy member himself
    3. He was protected by powerful political allies
    4. Evolution was generally accepted at the time and only aroused opposition much later.
    5. The question is inaccurate - he was bitterly opposed
  5. When Darwin and Wallace independently discovered evolution by natural selection:
    1. Wallace rejected evolution and joined the opposition
    2. They never communicated again
    3. They engaged in public debates against each other
    4. They established priority in a court case
    5. They cooperated fairly harmoniously
  6. In Germany, evolution was used to support:
    1. Unrestrained capitalism and competition
    2. Political overthrow of the old order
    3. Romanticism and racist theories
    4. Biblical literalism
    5. Militant atheism
  7. The American vision of evolution was used to justify:
    1. Political overthrow of the old order
    2. Unrestrained capitalism and competition
    3. Romanticism and racist theories
    4. Biblical literalism
    5. Militant atheism
  8. The Soviet Union's vision of evolution was used to justify:
    1. Unrestrained capitalism and competition
    2. Biblical literalism
    3. Romanticism and racist theories
    4. Political overthrow of the old order
    5. Selective breeding to improve society
  9. Although Victorians are often stereotyped as prudish and sexually repressed, it is probably more accurate to say they were extremely
    1. Sentimental
    2. Indifferent
    3. Cruel
    4. Rational
    5. Ignorant
  10. The Russian biologist Lysenko rejected Darwin and embraced Lamarck's model of evolution because:
    1. Darwin conflicted more with the Bible
    2. Lamarck's theory worked better in Russian agriculture
    3. Lamarck had been a forerunner of Marx
    4. Darwin had been a factory owner
    5. He found Lamarck more congenial to Marxist ideology

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Created January 3, 1997; Last Update 14 December 2009

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