Pergamum and Troy

Steven Dutch, Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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Scenes along the coast on the way to Pergamum: 
Scenes along the coast on the way to Pergamum: 
Pergamum:  Museum Mosaic The most beautiful mosaic I've seen yet.
Pergamum:  Museum Bronze casting of a Roman warrior
Pergamum:  Museum Roman sculptures
Pergamum:  Museum Roman sculptures
Pergamum:  Museum  Nike, goddess of victory
Pergamum:  The Asklepion Overall view of the Asklepion.
Pergamum:  The Asklepion  The Sacred Way, leading from Pergamum:  to the Asklepion.  This was a sort of health resort on the outskirts of Pergamum: . It involved a large complex of buildings including a theatre, several temples, a hospital and so on. The hill in background is the Acropolis of Pergamum: , on which the center of the town was built.
Pergamum:  The Asklepion The Sacred Way
Pergamum:  The Asklepion The Sacred Way
Pergamum:  The Asklepion Ruins of the library
Pergamum:  A long covered walk extended from the entrance the theatre. .
Pergamum:  A long covered walk extended from the entrance the theatre.
Pergamum:  A long covered walk extended from the entrance the theatre.
Pergamum:  A long covered walk extended from the entrance the theatre.
Pergamum:  The theatre.
Pergamum:  The theatre.
Pergamum:  The theatre.
Pergamum:  A newly evacuated temple beyond the theatre. I don't know anything about it.
Pergamum:  A newly evacuated temple beyond the theatre.
Pergamum:  the Baths
Pergamum:  the Baths
Pergamum:  Part of the underground construction
Pergamum:  General view of the central courtyard of the Asklepion.
Pergamum:  General view from the Acropolis
Pergamum:  General view from the Acropolis
Pergamum:  General view from the Acropolis
Pergamum:  General view from the Acropolis
Pergamum:  General view from the Acropolis
Pergamum:  General view from the Acropolis
Pergamum:  General views of the fortifications.  Pergamum:  was huge, with three city walls. We only saw the upper acropolis, where the palaces and temples were. There is a whole lower half of the city that we never even got to.
Pergamum:  General views of the fortifications.
Pergamum:  General views of the fortifications.
Pergamum:  General views of the fortifications.
Pergamum: . General views of the fortifications. The pictures only hint at what a wonderful scene this was. Looking west, we could see the Aegean; looking inland, we could see mountains with snow in the distance. Dark clouds were skimming by just overhead and everything was lit by mellow winter sunlight.
Pergamum:  Remains of the upper Agora (marketplace).
Pergamum:   The Altar of Zeus, now only a low platform under the trees. The theater. 
Pergamum:  Temple of Trajan'distant view.
Pergamum:  Temple of Trajan'distant view.
Pergamum:  Temple of Trajan: distant view.
Pergamum:   Temple of Trajan: ruins, with the city wall in the background.
Pergamum: : Fragment of marble covering from the temple of Trajan.
Pergamum: : The Great Cistern in the royal palace (now used as a wishing well!)
Pergamum: : Temple of Athena
Pergamum: :  Entrance to the city, with the temple of Athena on the left.
Pergamum: : Ruins of the library, once one of the largest in the world, with 250,000 books.   The Egyptians feared that this library would become greater than theirs at Alexandria, and to prevent this they outlawed the exporting of papyrus, at that time the only known writing material (paper wasn't invented yet). The librarians replied by developing a new type of paper: parchment. The word 'parchment' itself comes from the name 'Pergamum: .' In 47 B.C., Julius Caesar's troops destroyed the library at Alexandria. To replace the lost books, Marc Antony confiscated the entire library of Pergamum:  and moved it to Egypt.
Pergamum: : Ruins of a small palace.
Pergamum:  Ruins of a small palace.
Troy: Name of site
Troy: Troy: VI 1700-1250
Troy: Troy: VI 1700-1250
Troy: Troy: VI 1700-1250
Troy: Troy: VI 1700-1250
Troy: views from Troy:
Troy: views from Troy:
Troy: Troy: II & 'Trojan Horses' 2500-2100 A.D.
  Troy: Troy: II 2500-2100
  Troy: Troy: I 3000-2500
Troy: Troy: II City gate 2500-2100
Troy: Troy: II City gate 2500-2100
Troy: Troy: II City walls 2500-2100
Troy: Troy: VIII Atlas etc. 900-350
Troy: Troy: VIII & other levels 900-350
Troy:  Troy: IX, theatre  350-400
Troy: Troy: VI 1700-1250
Troy: Troy: IX Marble columns 350-400 A.D.
Dardanelles Mouth of Dardanelles
Dardanelles Mouth of Dardanelles
Dardanelles Gallipoli monuments
Dardanelles Gallipoli monuments
Dardanelles at Canakkale
Dardanelles at Canakkale
Dardanelles at Canakkale
 Dardanelles at Canakkale
Dardanelles at Canakkale
Wagon in Canakkale
Canakkale: Kilitbahir fortress
Canakkale: Views from ferry
Canakkale: Views from ferry

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Created 19 December 2003, Last Update 26 July 2012

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