Research & Projects

The purpose of this section of our Web site is to provide an opportunity for subscribers to describe and discuss research activities or other types of projects related to environmental sustainability in which they are or have been involved. The types of activities can range from formal research projects to more informal activities such as seminar or lecture presentations. Reports about ongoing activities, as well as research or project results, are welcome. 

We encourage you to share information about your research activities or projects by submitting it to us for posting on this Web site.  Send this kind of information to: envsustain@uwgb.edu   To discuss information about research or project activities with others on our listserv, send your thoughts to: envsustain-l@uwgb.edu

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From Vo Thanh Danh - Posted 26 July 2007

Below is the abstract of a paper submitted by Vo Thanh Danh.  To read the entire paper, click here.

ECONOMIC VALUE OF GROUNDWATER PROTECTIONIN THE MEKONG DELTA

Abstract: Groundwater in the Mekong Delta is facing severe levels of pollutionand it is apparent that new measures are needed to ensure its protection. Applyingthe contingent valuation method, the mean willingness to pay estimated by theProbit model was 141,730 VND (US$8.86)/household/year. Groundwater could bean inferior good in the Delta with the negative income effect found in the demandfor clean groundwater. There were eight statistically significant variables – bothexogenous and endogenous – related to the WTP response while there were onlyfour statistically significantly exogenous variables affecting the maximum offerprice a respondent voted for in the OLS model. Respondent’s gender andgroundwater-related health risk consideration were factors sensitively affecting theWTP values. Household income had a positive effect on the probability of demandfor groundwater protection.

Key words: Contingent valuation, willingness to pay, groundwater pollution,Probit model, sensitivity analysis, scenario analysis

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From Julio Alegria - 10 May 2007

Below is the abstract of a paper presented by Julio at an International Water Management Workshop in Sao Paulo, Brazil.  To read the entire paper click here.

THE CHALLENGES OF WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN PERU

Julio F. Alegría, M. Sc.[1]

ABSTRACT

The intention of this paper is to further facilitate the analysis and discussion among policy-makers, water users and stakeholders, regarding Peruvian water resource management problems and viable alternative solutions, from a broad and historic perspective. It describes the water resources supply and demand situation as well as the regulatory framework and institutional arrangements.

This paper argues that problems mainly stem from an inadequate water policy, from a weak and ineffective water authority and institutional arrangements. There are serious water use conflicts, which have increased in the last years, and these are a manifestation of a causal problem. This situation has created a vicious cycle that impairs the governance of water.

A sweeping reform of water related institutions and new water policies are proposed in order to make them more effective and encourage public participation in decision-making processes. This requires the political will and government’s commitment.

Only shifting to a new paradigm for sustainable water resources development, which will be pursued through education and an awareness process, would assure achieving water resources management’s goals.

Keywords: Peruvian water policy, conflicts, public participation, water governance.


[1]       Director of Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Southern Andes of Peru; Mailing address: Av. Arequipa Nº4458-G, Lima 18, Perú; E-mail address: julioalegria@infonegocio.net.pe