Introduction to Environmental Science EnvSci-102

Study Outline IV, Spring 2006 (updated 4/26/06)


Final Exam will have 70 questions:    

~ 40-45 questions on material after Exam 3.

~ 25-30 questions on material covered for Exams 1, 2, & 3


Final Exam:  Tuesday 5/9 10:30-12:30



Groundwater pollution: conditions where it’s more likely



Groundwater Pollution: causes, types, and relative significance


Conventional Energy Ch 19

Historical US energy use (wood, coal, oil eras....)


Major conventional types (coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear): Advantages,            Disadvantages,                          Relative Supply





Resources vs. Reserves


Per capita energy use vs. standard of living (ie., Fig. 21.5 or Fig 19.5 in 9th ed.)


Net useful energy (net energy yield, Ch. 20)


“Sustainable” Energy Ch 20

Best option to reduce dependence on fossil fuels?


Efficiency issues: transportation and residential energy use




Major sustainable energy sources: Advantages,    Disadvantages,                  Potential



Passive vs. active solar


Solar Hot water


Photovoltaic (PV) cells: what are they?


Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)


Solid and Hazardous Wastes Ch 21

Industrial vs. municipal: difference, relative amounts


Consequences of mixing wastes


Domestic wastes: what’s in it?


Waste disposal methods

     US vs Japan


RRR (5 RC’s)


Hazardous and Toxic wastes


Fate of Haz wastes


Haz waste laws


Haz waste management options




Sustainable development: define


Sustainable activities (food production, energy use, waste management, population, land use…)


Smart Growth


Benefits of biodiversity


Internalizing external costs

Green Design

Environmental Ethics