Introduction to Environmental Science EnvSci-102

Study Outline IV, Spring 2006 (updated 4/26/06)

 

Final Exam will have 70 questions:    

~ 40-45 questions on material after Exam 3.

~ 25-30 questions on material covered for Exams 1, 2, & 3

Reviews:

Final Exam:  Tuesday 5/9 10:30-12:30

 

Groundwater

Groundwater pollution: conditions where it’s more likely

 

 

Groundwater Pollution: causes, types, and relative significance

 

Conventional Energy Ch 19

Historical US energy use (wood, coal, oil eras....)

 

Major conventional types (coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear): Advantages,            Disadvantages,                          Relative Supply

 

 

 

 

Resources vs. Reserves

 

Per capita energy use vs. standard of living (ie., Fig. 21.5 or Fig 19.5 in 9th ed.)

 

Net useful energy (net energy yield, Ch. 20)

 

“Sustainable” Energy Ch 20

Best option to reduce dependence on fossil fuels?

 

Efficiency issues: transportation and residential energy use

 

Cogeneration

 

Major sustainable energy sources: Advantages,    Disadvantages,                  Potential

 

 

Passive vs. active solar

 

Solar Hot water

 

Photovoltaic (PV) cells: what are they?

 

Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)

 

Solid and Hazardous Wastes Ch 21

Industrial vs. municipal: difference, relative amounts

 

Consequences of mixing wastes

 

Domestic wastes: what’s in it?

 

Waste disposal methods

     US vs Japan

 

RRR (5 RC’s)

 

Hazardous and Toxic wastes

 

Fate of Haz wastes

 

Haz waste laws

 

Haz waste management options

 

 

Sustainability

Sustainable development: define

 

Sustainable activities (food production, energy use, waste management, population, land use…)

 

Smart Growth

 

Benefits of biodiversity

 

Internalizing external costs

Green Design

Environmental Ethics