What Students Should Know Before They Take Biochemistry

Know names and functions of cellular organelles.
Know functions and recognize the structures of proteins, polysaccharides, and nucleic acids.
Know the function of each of the following:

DNA polymerase AUG start codon mitosis
RNA polymerase blood meiosis
ribosome lung diploid genome
transfer RNA kidney plasma membrane
messenger RNA chromosomes reverse transcriptase
promoter centromere  

Be able to indicate all potential hydrogen bonds for a molecule.
Be able to indicate the 3-dimensional geometry of small molecules.
Be able to use equilibrium constants to describe chemical systems.
Be able to use ΔH and ΔG to describe a chemical reaction.
Be able to identify conjugate acid-base pairs in a chemical reaction.
Be able to use Ka and pKa to describe an acid-base reaction.
Understand each of the following terms:

buffer bond emf, electromotive force
van der Waals forces s orbital Bronstead-Lowry Acid/Base
van der Waals radii p orbital Lewis Acid/Base
double bond oxidation , , and emissions
triple bond reduction  
bond electrode potential  

Be able to determine if a structure is aromatic or aliphatic.
Be able to determine the hybridization of C or N in an organic molecule.
Be able to identify chiral centers in molecules.
Be able to determine the three dimensional geometry at any C or N in an organic molecule.
Be able to interpret NMR spectra for simple molecules (with a chemical shift table).
Be able to draw the Lewis Structure for each of the following:

acetic acid -D-glucose phenol
acetate anion -D-glucose phosphoric acid
acetic anhydride glycerol dihydrogen phosphate anion
alanine guanidine phosphate anion
benzene guanidinium cation pyridine
formaldehyde imidazole -D-ribose
formic acid imidazolium cation 2’-deoxy--D-ribose
methyl acetamide oxalic acid stearic acid, a C18 fatty acid
isopropanol oxalate anion trimethylamine
isobutanol   trimethylamminium cation
sec-butanol   urea

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