This Study Guide is presented in the form of short essay questions. By studying the information you would need to answer these questions, you should go over the material that will be covered on the test.

In addition to this Guide, you should review the Lecture Outlines and your notes, supplementing them with your textbook when needed.

1. What are the Elements of Design? Include a general description of each along with a discussion of their qualities.

2. Discuss the Principles of Design. Include a general description of each and a discussion of how they are used to manipulate the Elements of Design.

3. Discuss some of the common assumptions about art, and why they can be misleading.

4. Discuss some of the functions of art and how it is used in society.

5. Define Content and Context. Discuss their differences and how they affect a work of art and its interpretation.

6. What are the different Styles or Categories of art? Discuss each briefly.

7. What was the role of the artist in the ancient world? How does that role differ from that of the modern artist? Discuss how the public perception of the artist has changed throughout history, including their realm of expertise and how others viewed them.

10. Discuss some of the forms of expression that are commonly not considered art.

11. What is the difference between a Folk or Na´ve Artist and a formally trained artist?

13. Has personal expression always been a standard for evaluation, or even of interest in art?

14. Artists have often painted in other styles besides Realism. Discuss the following artistic styles: Abstraction, Stylization; Romanticism. Explain how they differ from straight Realism.

15. Discuss censorship and how it has affected the art world in recent years.

16. Several advancements in the techniques of Realism in painting and drawing, such as chiaroscuro, were developed in the Renaissance. Discuss these advancements and their effect on the art community of the time.

17. Discuss the differences and similarities between Isometric, Linear and Atmospheric Perspective.

18. What is formalism and how can it be used to evaluate art?

19.  What is Contextualism and how can it be used to evaluate art?

20.  Discuss some of the different ways artists have functioned in western society.