The Six Basic Nutrients


Quiz objective: Understand the significance of the 6 basic nutrients for normal physiologic function.

1. To a nutritionist, an essential nutrient is a nutrient that __________

    a. is expensive and rare
    b. is necessary for survival
    c. must be obtained from food
    d. the body produces on its own


2. Fat is an important nutrient because it __________

    a. provides a vast amount of energy and helps protect the body
    b. makes up enzymes which regulate body function
    c. it is a significant component of important molecules, e.g., hemoglobin
    d. acts as a solvent (or medium) in which chemical reactions can take place


3. Carbohydrate is an important nutrient because it _______

    a. provides a vast amount of energy and helps protect the body
    b. it is a significant component of important molecules, e.g., hemoglobin
    c. makes up enzymes which regulate body function
    d. is a good energy source, especially for the central nervous system


4. Vitamins are an important nutrient because they _______

    a. are a source of energy (fuel)
    b. help enzymes to function
    c. are a significant component of important molecules, e.g., hemoglobin
    d. are the building blocks for tissue in the body


5. Protein is an important nutrient because it _______

    a. provides a vast amount of energy and helps protect the body
    b. makes up enzymes which regulate body function
    c. it is the building block for most tissue in the body
    d. b and c


6. Minerals are an important nutrient because they _______

    a. provide a vast amount of energy and helps protect the body
    b. make up enzymes which regulate body function
    c. make up a significant component of important molecules, e.g., hemoglobin
    d. acts as a solvent (or medium) in which chemical reactions can take place


7. Water is an important nutrient because it _______

    a. stores vast amounts of energy
    b. it is a significant component of important molecules, e.g., hemoglobin
    c. acts as a solvent (or medium) in which chemical reactions can take place
    d. all of the above


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