As an ex-urban campus, UW–Green Bay currently faces a dependence on automobile transportation to and from campus as well as within the campus boundaries. This fact results in a disproportionate number of parking lots compared with an urban cam-pus that has a network of surrounding streets to further accommodate parking and ramp structures which decrease the parking lot footprint. Students and faculty at urban campuses also access private, off-campus housing options within walking and bicycling distances to the campus. Parking location, expansion, and management arose as one of the major issues in the master planning input sessions.
An Auxiliary Operations 2003-04 Annual Parking Rate document reports that the University of Wisconsin–Green Bay has the lowest parking rate system-wide at $68 per year for students, faculty and staff . There is no designation or regulation of lots or stalls and the parking located on campus is on a ﬁrst-come ﬁrst-served basis, with the exception of the visitor parking lots, which are permit-only or metered parking.
To accommodate potential growth, the straight-line projection for parking indicates the campus needs to add 1,646 non-event stalls for a total of 4,938 stalls. It also needs to accommodate an additional 1,500 stalls for the Kress Events Center project and an additional 680 residential parking stalls to provide a parking space for each resident student in the expanded housing village scenario.
To accommodate potential growth, the master plan indicates expanding at-grade parking lots. The option for multi-level parking was discussed early in the planning process. However, the beneﬁts of reduced footprint and increased parking capacity do not, at this time, outweigh the budgetary challenges and visual statement that these structures would create. Therefore, parking lots are re-conﬁgured or expanded from existing at-grade lots whenever and wherever possible to minimize the pavement footprint. Parking expansion is allocated to areas where future building could occur.
The who and when questions of growth have a large impact on parking. For example, if the University decides to grow by attracting non-traditional students who attend courses in the evenings and on the week-ends, the existing parking capacity may be adequate to accommodate some of that academic expansion.
Automobile dependence will also inﬂuence parking expansion. If multimodal or public transportation options become a viable alternative to driving to and from campus in the near future, UW-Green Bay may not need to expand parking to the extent depicted in the Master Plan. This shift in focus would produce other issues, such as bicycle parking management and storage facilities for these alternatives, which would have to be addressed on a design and operational level by the campus.
Parking lot runoff creates unique stormwater management issues which are at the forefront of the current regulatory environment and will continue to evolve in the near future. The Master Plan recommends the installation of planted buffer strips in all parking lots across campus. Serving multiple purposes, the buffer strips act not only as a method of stormwater inﬁltration, but they reduce the urban heat island effect, increase the visual appeal of lots, and keep UW-Green Bay astride with other environmentally sensitive institutions across the country that are dealing with similar issues. Buffer strips could be added to existing parking lots when they are scheduled to be re-paved and included as an integral component to any new parking lot.
Due to the physical location of UW-Green Bay and its unique geography, climate, and environment, the capacity at which the buffer strips can inﬁltrate storm-water must be determined on an individual project basis when more speciﬁc site conditions, such as soil inﬁltration capacity and bedrock location, are determined.
As a result of adding buffer strips to parking lots, UW-Green Bay will face varied operational issues such as seasonal maintenance, snow storage in winter, and budgetary constraints. The aforementioned regulatory, site-speciﬁc, and operational issues will be equally challenging and rewarding as UW-Green Bay continues its mission as an environmentally focused campus.
|Weidner Center||792 Stalls||Reconfigured, footprint decreased||+ 292 Stalls||1084 Stalls|
|123 Stalls||Removed, stalls combined with Weidner Ctr. Lot||-123 Stalls||0 Stalls|
|Wood Hall||552 Stalls||Reconfigured, expanded to south||+ 611 Stalls||1163 Stalls|
|Lab Sciences||631 Stalls||Expanded to west||+ 227 Stalls||858 Stalls|
|Studio Arts||595 Stalls||Reconfigured||+ 47 Stalls||642 Stalls|
|Cofrin Hall||447 Stalls||Expanded to east and south||+ 80 Stalls||527 Stalls|
|Kress Center||Does Not Exist||Parking Lot Added||+ 485 Stalls||485 Stalls|
|Shorewood Golf Course||119 Stalls||To remain as is||+ 0 Stalls||119 Stalls|
|Does Not Exist||Parking Lot Added||+ 187 Stalls||187 Stalls|
|Visitor Parking||75 Stalls||To remain as is||+ 0 Stalls||75 Stalls|
|Existing Housing||525 Stalls||Parking Lot Removed||- 525 Stalls||0 Stalls|
|East Housing Lot||229 Stalls||Expanded to north and south||+ 772 Stalls||1001 Stalls|
|Apartment||238 Stalls||Parking Lot Removed||- 238 Stalls||0 Stalls|
|Overall||485 to 1,012 Stalls are Sports Center Expansion||1,815 Stalls Added||6,141 Stalls|