Compiled in the Year 1978
Dorothy M. Chandler
2928 Florida Ave. So.
Minneapolis, MN 55426
PROVINCE OF POITOU: A province of France, bounded on the west by the Atlantic ocean,
north by Brittany, Anjou and Touraine, east by La Marche and south by Angoumois and Aunis.
NORMANDY: An ancient province of northern France. Its boundaries were approximately as
follows: west and north, the English Channel. Northeast, the Bresle River separated Normandy
from Picardy. On the east, the Epte River separated the Normand area from the Francais area.
Normandy takes its name from the Vikings, known as Nordmanni (Northmen). Normandy's
provincial capitaol was Rouen.
BRITTANY: (Bretagne) takes its name from the Celts of Britain. A province in western France,
it juts out into the Atlantic like a huge peninsula. Nanter, largest city of Brittany, is situated a
the mouth of the Loire River, 35 miles from the sea. The Loire divides into four branches,
forming islands over portions of which the city has spread. Two of the branches have been filled
in and made into roads. Two of our ancestors sailed from this port town of Nantes in the year
It seems that everyone with the name of Papineau in their line, wants to know how closely
related they are to the Canadian Politician, Louis Joseph Papineau. He was the son of Joseph
Papineau and was born in 1786. His grandfather, Joseph Papineau, was a brother to Francois
Papineau, my gr-gr-gr-gr- grandfather.
Louis-Joseph was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1808 and in 1815 became its speaker.
He held that position almost continuously until 1837. He was regarded as the leader of the
French Canadian people in their struggle against the government of Lower Canada and the
English-dominated executive and legislative councils. Papineau inspired the Ninty Tow
Resolutions, which was a statement of French Canadian grievances passed by the Assembly in
1834. In March of 1837, Lord Gosford, the Governor, rejected the demands of the Assembly and
was authorized to appropriate provincial revenues without the consent of the Assembly. A
protest followed and Papineau made some inflammatory speeches. According to accounts I have
read by historians, Papineau never meant his speeches to stir up the hostilities to the extent that
they did. On the night of November 22, 1837, hostilities began at St. Denis and Papineau
abandoned the Patriot Force that was led by Wolfred Nelson and escaped to the United States.
From the States he went to Paris and lived there until 1845 when amnesty was granted and he
returned to Canada .
By 1841, Upper and Lower Canada had been united and a single legislature represented Canada
East and West. Papineau again sat in the Legislature but he never regained his former
prominence in politics. He died at his home at Montebello, Quebec, 24 September, 1871.
THE IROQUOIS & ALGONQUIN PEOPLE
A few words need to be said on the relationship of the Indians and their impact on the settlers of
New France. I will not try and go into detail on Indian history, as I am poorly read on that
subject. In the years that our ancestors were trying to settle in New France, the Iroquois League
was made up of five Indian Tribes. They called themselves, "The people of the long houses".
They were, the Mohawk, Oneida, onondaga, cayuga and Seneca. The Algonquins, (Also spelled
Algonkin) was a name applied to a number of Algonkan-speaking bands and tribes living on
both sides of the Ottawa River in Canada in forest areas.
We lost many of our ancestors to the Iroquois, who were ceaseless fighters and who made
successful attacks on the St. Lawrence Valley in New France. The Algonquins and the Hurons
were allies of the French. In the years 1648-1650, the Iroquois destroyed the Huron Confederacy
and during the next ten years almost destroyed New France. The Marquis de Tracy led an
expedition against the Iroquois in 1666. This by no means halted the Iroquois, only slowed them
down for a time. In 1687, the Marquis de Denonville, led another fight against them. The
Iroquois fought brilliantly and carried the fight right into the center of the French Territory. The
Iroquois wiped out Lachine, a village near Montreal. In 1693-1696, Count de Frontenac, the
Governor of New France, led a series of campaigns against the Iroquois which were successful.
The Algonquin, who were allies of the settlers, were never great in numbers, and were almost
annihilated by both the Iroquois raids and European diseases. (Information from the
THE KING'S DAUGHTERS
One of the more interesting periods in history as far as the French-Canadians are concerned, is
the story of the "filles du roi", (daughters of the king). French Canadian historians generally, but
not always, limited the women called this to those who arrived in New France during the years
1663-1673, inclusive. Women who arrived before the year 1663 were known as "filles à
marier" (marriageable daughters), and in general paid for their own transport or made their own
Elmer Courteau of South St. Paul, Minnesota, wrote a series of articles of the Kings Daughters
for publication, "Lost in Canada", and all information on the subject written here, are direct
quotes from his article. I felt this story would be of great interest to our family members. I have
found many of our ancestors named in his article and they are listed after the story.
"It is almost impossible to be of French-Canadian descent and not have among on's ancestresses
at least one with the somewhat mysterious notation that she was a "fille du Roi", a daughter of
the King. This was the title given to the women immigrants from Franch who agreed to travel to
the new lands in North America and marry a settler there in exchange for a dowry from the
French King. If the woman married a settler or a common soldier, the dowry was 50 pounds. If
she married an officer, it went up to 100 pounds.
In attempting to get the atmosphere of a period of history in which one's forefathers lived, the
family historian should always try to obtain as much knowledge as he or she can about every
condition of life in that era. Only then can the forces that motivated our ancestors have real life.
A dowry in the period in which New France was being settled was of Crucial importance to a
girl or woman in France. Women needed a dowry, no matter how small, to enter a convent as a
nun, or to bring to a marriage. In a period when positions in life were bought and sold, the size
of a girl's dowry generally determined her future position in life. Without a dowry a widow or
an orphaned girl of this age had only the dreariest of lives to look forward to. There can be little
doubt that the offer of a dowry from the king awakened a wild hope and even wilder dreams in
the hearts and minds of many of our ancestresses in mid-17th century France. The story of that
dream was often shattered on arrival in the wilderness....Records have the names of over 800
women who are thought to have left France for the New World with the promise of the King's
bounty, the background of the girls, their ages, places of origin and other bits of history that are
not available in Tanguay or Drouin.
Agreements to marry were made by the Kings daughters before they left France for the New
World, and marriage contracts signed soon after arrival. These were not binding marriages for
Catholics, and could be annulled. The bachelors in New France wanted wives and the women
arriving had agreed in advance to marry. Love in that day and age, was always something our
ancestors expected would come after marriage, if it was to be. It is amazing the large numbers
of formal agreements to marry, made before a notary, that were annulled. There were even a
number of civil marriages contracted, annulled, new partners obtained, another annulment, and
the earlier partner back again, this time for the all important church ceremony. These civil
agreements on the terms of the marriage were not lightly arrived at. The decision to seek an
annulment had to be studied and couldn't have been made quickly. The annulments were
always possible of course because it was the church ceremony that made the marriage official,
and it was a real rarity when the civil agreement was drawn up following the church ceremony
although it was not unknown. (Lost in Canada? Elmer Courteau).
All marriages listed took place in French Canada. To make it easier to locate the following
"daughters of the King" in our family lines, I have numbered them to correspond with their
numbers on the generation chart.
#465 ANTOINETTE LENOIR, born at St. Eustache of Paris, Ile-de-France, daughter of the
deceased Jean Lenoir and Antoinette Sirois, signed, then annulled a marriage contract with
Julien Meusnier 29 Sept. 1669, then married Jacques Le Beuf 29 Oct. 1669 at Quebec. Her
dowry of 350 pounds 50 from the King.
#473 - MARIE CHARPENTIER, of St-Etienne du Mont, Paris, daughter of François Charpentier
and Marie Gatau, who married Pierre-Jean Gendron dit Le Parisien, 11 Nov. 1671.
Samuel Papineau dit Montigny & Catherine Quevillon (m. 1704)
Marie-Marguerite/ Catherine / Marie-Louise/ FRANCOIS / Pierre / Jean-Baptiste / Joseph / Michel/ Louis |
Marie-Desanges / Marie/ Marie-Archange / Jacques / Marie-Joseph / Amable / PIERRE / Antoine/ Marie-Victor / Francois |
Ida / Edward / Henry / MELINA+AGNAS (1921) / Louis / Della / Lilya / Celeste / Leola
DOROTHY MAY (1945) / Louise-Marie / Robert Oscar
SAMUEL PAPINEAU AND CATHERINE QUEVILLON
Samuel Papineau dit Montigny was born in the 1670 at the village of Montigny, in the Province
Poitou, in France. He was the son of Samuel Papineau (a merchant) and Marie Delain (Delair).
Samuel Papineau was a soldier in the Company of the Sieur d'Andresy, which arrived in Quebec
about 1688. The latter, who died during the crossing, was replaced by Aloigny de La Groye. For
ten years Papineau served faithfully under Frontenac and Galliere, and twas then discharged. On
the 25th of April, 1699, he acquired from the Sulpicians, a land grant of sixty acres on the Cote
Saint-Michel. In 1705, he sold this land to Jean Guillebert, dit Laframboise, and in 1711
obtained ownership of a new grant of lant at Riviere-des-Preiries which he retained until his
Samuel was a private soldier and evidently never made much money. He concerned himself
mainly with the land grants which were made to him from 1699 on. Samuel did 23 April 1737
and is buried at Sault-au-Recollet. He left only a few possessions as was shown by an inventory
that was drawn up after his death. Samuel is the founder of the Papineau families in Canada.
Samuel took the name of Montigny after his place of birth in France to distinguish himself from
other Papineau mambers.
On 6 June 1704, at Riviere-des-Prairies, Samuel married Catherine Quevillon, by whom he had
nine children. Catherine was born 14 March 1686, the daughter of Adrien Quevillon and Jeanne
Hunault (Gunault). When Catherine was an infant, she and a seven year old sister were carried
off by the Iroquois and the sister was burned to death in front of Catherine. Catherine was
ransomed after several years of captivity. (The records I read did not say who ransomed her).
As I was reading of this event, and also checking the records of the Quevillon family, I found
that the seven year old sister was probaly Francoise-Angelique who was Born 13 March 1681.
Catherine was a baby at the time of the kidnapping, so the age of the sister would be right.
Francoise is the only child listed to Adrien & Jeanne Queillon that does not have a marriage
date. I have no proof of this, only supposition.
Catherine married four times and died at the age of ninety five. Catherine's four marriages are
1. Guillaume Lascombe, m. 30 July 1703 at St Amant
2. Samuel Papineau, m. 6 June 1704 at Rivieres-de-Prairies
3. Jacques Daniel, married 3 April 1742 at Sault-au-Recollet
4. Jean-Baptiste DeVerac, m. 18 February 1754
THE CHILDREN OF SAMUEL PAPINEAU & CATHERINE QUEVILLON
1. Marie-Marguerite, born 23 March 1705. Married at St-Laurent (near Montreal) to Jean-Baptiste Perillard on 20 August 1725. Jean-Baptiste was the son of Nicolas Perillard and Jeanne
Sabourin. He was also a brother to Nicolas who married Catherine Papineau.
2. Catherine, born 13 December 1706. Married Nicolas Perillard at St-Laurent on 16 November
1730. Nicolas was the son of Nicolas Perrillard and Jeanne Sabourin.
3. Marie-Louise, born 28 April 1709. Married at St-Laurent to Pierre Paradis on 16 April 1725.
He was the son of Jean Paradis & Jeanne Pasquier.
4. FRANCOIS, born 25 May 1712. Married at Montreal, Notre-Dame, to Marie-Joseph
DeVautour on 7 Oct. 1737. She was the daughter of Antoine DeVautour and Genevieve
5. Pierre, born 20 Oct. 1714. Married at Sault-au-Recollet to Marie-Joseph Brignon on 30 June
1739. She was the daughter of Jean Brignon and Anne-Charlotte Provost.
6. Jean-Baptiste, born __. Married to Marie-Charlotte Martineau on 29 November 1743. She
was the daughter of Jacques Baudry and Angelique Archambault.
8. Michel, born in 1723. Married Marie-Anne Sareau on 5 March 1753. She was the daughter
of Jean Sareau and Marie-Therese Rose.
PIERRE PAPINEAU AND MARIE-JOSEPHE VINCELETTE
Pierre Papineau and Marie-Josephte Vinceletter were married at Chambly on 10 June 1782.
Chambly is located about ten miles from Montreal, across the St. Lawrence River. Sher was the
daughter of Jacques Vinceletter dit Laboitiere and Louis Barre. As of this date I have found only
three of the children of Pierre & M-Josephte.
1. Josephte, married at Chambly to Joseph Courtamanche on 12 October 1801. He was the son
of Joseph Courtemanche and M. Chs. Cardinal.
2. FRANCOIS, married at St. Constant, Laprairie to Louise Hebert on 1 March 1813. Louise
was the daughter of Pierre Hebert and Marguerite Hebert.
3. Celeste, married at Montreal, Notre Dame, to Jean Gagnon on 23 September 1822. He was
the son of Pierre Gagnon and Marguerite Lefebvre.
4. Pierre, married at Ste-Marie-Debuce, to Marie-Claire-Gagne on 21 September 1807. Sher
was the daughter of Bernard Gagne & M-Joseph Morin.
FRANCOIS PAPINEAU AND MARIE-LOUISE HEBERT
Francois Papineau, son of Pierre Papineau and Marie-Josephte Vincelette, worked on a ferry
boat crossing the St. Lawrence River. He was married at St. Constant to Marie-Louise Hebert on
1 March 1813. St. Constant is a village not far from Chambly. She was the daughter of Pierre
Hebert and Marguerite Hebert. (Pierre Hebert was a farmer). At this date I can find only two of
1. FRANCOIS, married at St. Isidore Lapririe, Anastasie Gagne, on 10 October 1836, She was
the daughter of Joseph Gagne and Marguerite Boyer.
2. Joseph, married at St. Constant Laprairie to Mathelde Cardinal on 7 January 1839. She was
the daughter of Pierre Cardinal and Anne Ste-Marie.
FRANCOIS PAPINEAU & ANASTASIE GAGNE
Francois Papineau, son of Francois Papineau and Marie-Louise Hebert, was a farmer in the St.
Isidore Laprairie area. He was married at St. Isidore to Anastasie Gagne on 10 October 1836.
She was the dauthter of Joseph Gagne and Marguerite Boyer. At this writing I have located only
three children of this couple.
1. Anastasie, married at St. Urbain Chat. To Oliva Cliche on 10 October 1859. He was the son
of Pierre Cliche and Marguerite Couroux.
2. Isaac, married Elizabeth Wilson.
3. FERDINAND, born March 1856. Married Marie-Antoinette Dontigny in the year 1883.
Marie-Antoinette was the daughter of Luc Dontigny and Eloise Godin (Gaudin).
FERDINAND PAPINEAU & MARIE-ANTOINETTE DONTIGNY
Ferdinand Papineau, son of Francois Papineau and Anastasie Gagne, was born near Laprairie,
not far from Montreal, in March of 1856. He entered the United States in 1870 and was
naturalized on 30 October, 1909. He married Marie-Antoinette Dontigny in 1883. Ferdinand
died 22 May 1932 in Wells Township, just north of Escanaba, Michigan.
Marie was born 27 June 1865 in Champlain, District Trois Rivierres. She was the daughter of
Luc Dontigny and Eloise Godin. Marie and Ferdinand raised their children in Escanaba,
Michigan. From family conversations I learned that Marie left Ferdinand in Escanaba some time
in the early 1900s and moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota. She made a home for her children
there and worked at various jobs including the Lymanhurst, a hospital for children, located on
Chicago Ave. In South Minneapolis, which later became the "Kenney Institute." (Named for
Sister Kenney of Australia who introduced her methods for rehabilitating Polio victims). In
Marie's later years she moved to Kansas City, Missouri to make her home with one of her
daughters Lilyan, and Lilyan's husband, Rhea Thompson. Marie remained with them until her
death on 1 August 1957. Marie is buried at Resurrection Cemetery, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Marie's mother, Eloise (Godin) Dontigny also came to Minneapolis with he r daughter Marie.
Eloise had been a widow for some years. Eloise died 26 January 19113 and is buried at St.
Mary's Cemetery in Minneapolis. Ferdinand and Marie's children are as follows:
1. Ida, born 3 March 1884. Died on her 15th birthday on 3 March 1899 at Escanaba.
2. Edward, born January 1886. He married Maude Chino? Shino? (Family conversations tell me
she was a pretty Indian girl from Duluth, MN). They had one son Richard. Edward left his wife
and son in the early years of their marriage. I have been told that Maude and Richard moved to
California. The family looked for Edward for many years, but heard nothing of him until his
death in the 1950s. A Catholic Priest wrote to Escanaba and told of Edward's death in New
Orleans, LA. At the time of his death, there were still relatives living in Escanaba. If Edward
had withed when he was ill, he could have contacted his family and would have received the
help he needed. Also, perhaps out there somewhere is a first cousin by the name of Richard
Papineau, that I have never met.
3. Henry, born May 1889. Died 9 March 1907 of Typhoid fever. He is buried at St. Ann's in
4. Melina-Agnas, born 22 April 1891 In Escanaba. Married Oscar Ludvig Knudson on 18 May
1921 in Minneapolis, MN. Melina did Thanksgiving Day, 24 November 1977 in Minneapolis.
5. Louis, born 5 July 1892 in Escanaba. Married Leona Bennenoese on 21August 1918. They
have lived all their married life in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. They have tow children, Jane
and Louis Jr, called "Jud." Louis died May 16, 1980, Leona died 14 June, 1980.
6. Delia (Della), norn 5 April 1896 in Escanaba. She married Eugene Tomorug on 19 Octobor
1920 in Oakland, California. Eugene was born 21 August 1893 in Wasseley, Austria, son of
Denetrous Tomorug. Eugene came to Canada in 1910, then to the United States. Eugene met
Della while both were working one summer at Glacier National Park. Eugene became a U.S.
Citizen in the 30s. Della and Eugene had three children - Eugene Jr, born 12 November 1921 at
Oakland, CA, Joyce, born 11 September 1927 at Hayward, CA and Jane Aglea, born 14
November 1930 and died 29 November 1930 at Hayward. Della died 25 April 1978.
7. Lilyan, born 26 July 1903 at Escanaba. Married Rhea Wood Thompson 3 November 1947.
At this writing they live at Grove, OK.
8. Celeste, born 22 Feb. 1908. Married Harold Lind (now deceased). Celeste still lives in
9. Leola, born 7 April 1910. Married Harry C. Denis on 16 February 1949.
Note: Two infants died at birth and are buried at St. Ann's in Escanaba, Michigan.