Invasive Plants of Wisconsin

Dipsacus fullonum L.
common teasel
Family: Dipsacaceae
plant flower head stem and leaf bases stem leaf

The two Wisconsin species of Dipsacus are large, spiny plants with distinctive large, stiff and spiny flowering heads that persist long after flowering is done. D. fullonum is best identified by the stem leaves (basal leaves can be confusing) that are entire or coarsely toothed, but not deeply divided as is the case for D. laciniatus. If you are in doubt about this character look at the images of the leaves for both species and it should become clear. Flowers of D. fullonum are blue (except for a rare white form), and flowers of D. laciniatum are frequently reported to be white on web pages (many of which are copies of copies of copies from elsewhere on the web), but I haven't found support of this in the taxonomic literature. It is best to rely on the leaf characters described above. In any event, if you can be sure that the plants in question are of the Genus Dipsacus, it makes no difference which species it is --both are invasive and should be removed quickly.

The stem leaves for both species are perfoliate (each pair of opposite leaves is joined at the point where they attach to the stem, giving the appearance of a single leaf pierced by the stem). The fusion of the two leaf bases at the stem forms something of a "cup" that catches and holds rain water--this seems most conspicuous on D. laciniatus.

Small numbers of plants can be controlled by standard gardening techniques, i.e. pulling of small plants and digging out of the tap root of larger plants. Care must be taken to avoid injury from the impressively stiff and strong spines. Well developed flowers may still produce mature seeds if simply cut or pulled and left on the site, so flowers should be collected and destroyed or disposed of in a safe place. Larger populations can be controlled with herbicides--search on "Dipsacus management" for instructions from reliable organizations.

This species is clearly much more common than the map indicates. The maps are based on herbarium vouchers and these are large and spiny plants that people are not eager to collect for specimens.




known Wisconsin distribution


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