French Explorers

Longfellow Middle School
Wauwatosa, WI
Nos Ancêtres les Français
Exposition Préparéé par les étudiants de Mademoiselle Ahner, Professeur de Français 6, 7, 8

by Dawn Lindsay
Nicolas Perrot, also known as "the greatest Frenchman" of the West, is a very important part of Wisconsin history. He gained alliances and friendships with all of the Native Americans on Lake Superior. In 1685 Perrot became commandant of the West. He built the first fort on the upper Mississippi, claiming the land for France. Also a relic, found in 1802, which belonged to Perrot, is now the oldest relic of the French regime in Wisconsin.

by Janea Roberson
In 1678 he built a small fort at the portage. The first fort was built in interior Wisconsin. He got his license in 1683 to trade in the West. From 1678-1689 Duluth added an empire in the West to New France.

by Julia Ruff
Charles Langlade fought in the French and Indian war in 99 battles, between 1754-1760. He led a victory over the commander and chief of the British forces with a band of Wisconsin Indians. He also built the first home in the area of Green Bay it established a trading post there. Langlade county, Wisconsin is also named after him. He is also known as the Father of Wisconsin.

by Craig Lillie
Louis Jolliet was born in Quebec City. He was a great Canadian explorer. He was a traveler that mainly went to trade for fur out west. He got picked to travel with Father Marquette and five other people to find the Mississippi River, which they found in 1673. In 1679 he bought the fur trade post of Sept-Iles. When he was trying to find the Mississippi he went through Green Bay, traveled up the Fox River and went down to find the Mississippi. They turned back afraid of being attacked by people that already lived there. Many people believe that they were the first white people to see the upper Wisconsin rivers. In conclusion, I think that Louis Jolliet was a great Canadian explorer.

by Meghan Dunn
Fr. Claude Allouez was born in 1622. He lived and conducted his Missionary work among twenty different Indian tribes. He baptized over 1000 Indians. He and 2 Indian guides paddled the entire coast of Lake Superior. His notes were later used to draw remarkable maps of that area. Allouez founded the first house of Christian worship in Wisconsin in 1666. He died in 1689 and is re membered as the father of Wisconsin missions and the successor to Fr. Menard.

by Robert DuRay
Father Menard was one of the first missionaires to the Wisconsin Indians. He worked with the Ottawa Indians in the Lake Superior region and was the first of his order to penetrate the Mississippi Valley. He left the area to help some other starving Indians. On his way, he lost the trail while portaging and was never heard from again. Because of his loving character and hard work with the Indians, Father Menard earned a spot in the history of Wisconsin.

MADELINE ISLAND by Marlyana "Madeleine" Locklear
Madeline Island is the largest of the Apostle Islands. It is located in Bayfield County, Wisconsin. Jean Baptiste Cadott's son Micheal Cadott visited in 1785, Madeline Island was named after Micheal Cadott wife's re-christened name, Madeline.

by Marlayna "Madeleine" Locklear
Jean Baptiste Cadott was the son of a famous French Canadian fur trader that settled on Madeline Island. Cadott established trading posts at a water falls on Yellow River. For many years it was known as Cadott Falls. Then it was settled by Robert Marriner in 1865. It was platted under name Cadott ten years later.

Charles Pierre de Le Sueur was a French explorer, fur trader and soldier, born in 1657. Le Sueur was one of the few Frenchmen who were granted a trading license in the Northwest. He traveled on the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers into the Mississippi in 1683, where he helped to open the Mississippi River Valley. During that time, the Fox Indian Tribe controlled the Fox and Wisconsin River. They were hostile to the Frenchmen because the Frenchmen were unfair in trading with them. Le Sueur was appointed by the authorities to keep the Northern route open. He built a fort at La Pointe, on Chequamegon Bay, and another on a small island in the Mississippi. This fort soon became a booming trading center. Charles Pierre Le Sueur died in 1712.

by Abby Peterson "Isabelle" 
Jean Nicolet was the first Frenchman to reach Wisconsin Country. Nicolet landed in Green Bay in 1634. His two goals were to relate to the Indians and the French had to find a water route to China. When Nicolet landed in Green Bay he was dressed in Chinese cultural clothing expecting to be met by Chinese officials; instead Winnebago Indians welcomed him. One of Nicolet's largest accomplishments was arranging buying furs and bringing wealth to merchants and to the king.

by Maeve Dowling
-French missionary and explorer in America
-Born in Laon in Northern France
-Studied Native American languages for 18 months
-Indians had respect for him
-Statue stands in the National Statuary Hall

SIEUR DE LA SALLE by Pierre (Sherman) Pitts
He was the first white man to go down the Mississippi to its mouth. He continued the route started by Joliet and Marquette. He reached the Gulf April 9, 1682. He claimed all land drained by the Mississippi for France. This was the largest territory ever claimed by a subject for his king. He named the area Louisiana. In 1679 he built the Griffin. It was the first sailing ship on the Great Lakes. It arrived at Green Bay and took on a cargo of furs.

JEAN NICOLET - 1598-1642
by Mike "Armand" Truskoski
Jean Nicolet was born in France, probably at Cherburg, and arrived in Canada in 1618 when he was about 19 or 20 years old. He was employed by the company of New France, first as an Indian agent and then as a clerk. The French called the Winnebago "the people of the sea." This supports the claim that Nicolet was charged to explore a way to Asia. He landed in Green Bay in 1634 wearing a Chinese robe mistaking where he had landed for Asia.
         On August 9, 1934 at a commemoration of Nicolet's achievements, president Franklin Roosevelt spoke at Green Bay and placed Nicolet in history as the first of the "men and women who established civilization in Wisconsin and in the northwest.

by Kathy Rajala
Father Jaques Marquette was a missionary who helped discover the Mississippi River. He also helped establish good relations with the Indians living in Wisconsin. The Indians had so much respect for Marquette that he was able to travel among them with no trouble, just by carrying a peace pipe along with him.