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Higher Education

The Professional Program in Education’s Center for First Nations Studies offers an in house resource library of First Nations books, materials, and classroom lessons for pre-service, pre k-12, and college teachers.

The following are links for educators working in Higher Education. The material can be used to support Act 31 education in college and University Teacher Education programs.

  • Higher Ed. by Pat Burns, graduate of the Master's of Science-Applied Leadership in Teaching and Learning Program at UWGB. The work focuses on First Nations Oral Tradition and Teaching Methods.

    "Wisconsin schools are required to provide students with an understanding and appreciation of the culture, history and sovereignty of Wisconsin First Nations. This mandate is commonly referred to as Act 31. Traditional First Nations education systems are rooted in the oral tradition. Use of oral traditional teaching methods in the university gives students an example of the application of another cultural perspective in education. Implementing elements of the oral tradition in the classroom creates a culturally appropriate vehicle for students and teachers to gain an understanding, appreciation and application for the content concerning Wisconsin First Nations. This project creates the teacher-training course that equips teachers with the ability to provide the content of Act 31 in an appropriate cultural context."

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  • The following powerpoint contains talking points and can be used as a "Teach-In" tool for Allies in the fight to end "Indian Logos and Mascots" in Wisconsin schools, as well as information regarding Act 250. It was created by Anne M Gretz as part of her thesis project "Racism and White Privilege in Wisconsin Schools; A Look at 'Indian' Mascots and Logos." Anne is a Master's student in the Applied Leadership for Teaching and Learning program here at UWGB. Her emphasis is in First Nations Studies.


  • Racism and White Privilege in Wisconsin Schools: An Examination of "Indian" Mascots and Logos by Anne Mary Gretz

    "We like to think that racism does not exist in our places of learning. After all, it is our American ideology that all people are treated equally. Yet racism does exist. We would like to think that our teachers are educated to teach diverse populations, that our school boards, school administrators and elected officials support diversity and respect across cultures. However, that is not so as we need not look any further for the evidence of this racism than the walls, gym floors and logos of 34 Wisconsin schools1 and the efforts of Wisconsin legislators to repeal the law (Act 250), and possibly, Act 31."